Once found from South Korea to north of the China-Russian border, Amur leopards are now nearly extinct in the wild. They are only found along a small area south of Primorski Krai in Eastern Russia, west of Vladivastok. Amur leopards live further north than any other subspecies of leopard.
The Amur leopard lives in the harsh winter climate of the Russian Amur-Ussuri boreal forests. They can adapt to a variety of types of habitat including lowland forests, grasslands and mountains as long as there is sufficient food and adequate cover.
Head-body length ranges from three to six feet (90-180 cm), with a two to three foot (60-90 cm) tail.
Male leopards weigh 82-198 pounds (37-89 kg); females are smaller weighing 62-132 pounds (28-59 kg).
Leopard height is between 18-30 inches (45-75cm) at the shoulder.
The base fur color ranges from a tan to a red/brown color with white on the belly.
The leopard’s spot pattern is unlike the other leopards with large widely spaced black spots in the form of “rosettes” on the head, back, tail and legs.
What Does It Eat?
In the wild: Roe deer, wild boar, hare, sika deer and occasionally domestic livestock
At the zoo: A special feline diet daily along with knucklebones.
What Eats It?
Leopard cubs may occasionally be eaten by other predators. The Amur leopard is a top level predator with few, if no, natural predators.
Amur leopards live and hunt alone except for mating pairs or females with cubs.
Amur leopards reach sexual maturity at two to three years of age. They generally breed during the months of January and February. Although leopards can have up to six cubs, a typical litter is usually two to three cubs born after a gestation period of 90-105 days. Newborn leopard cubs are blind and helpless weighing around one pound (0.5 kg); cubs do not open their eyes until they are about 10 days old. At six to eight weeks of age they follow their mother out of the den. By three months cubs are weaned but will stay with their mother learning how to hunt until they are 18-24 months old. The Amur leopard may live up to 12 years in the wild and up to 20 years in captivity.