The Bactrian camel occupies habitats in Central Asia from Afghanistan to China, primarily up into the Mongolian steppes and the Gobi desert.
Asian deserts or grassy steppes where the climate can range from very hot to very cold. Wild camels live in the Gobi desert.
- Bactrian camels are up to 10 feet (3.0 m) long.
- Weigh 1300-2200 pounds (590-1000 kg).
- Wild Bactrian camels are smaller and more slender.
- Their fur color varies from beige to dark brown.
- They have thick, wooly coats that provide warmth during the cold months and insulation from the desert heat, and they shed this for the summer months.
- Bactrian camels have two humps on the back.
What Does It Eat?
In the wild: Thorny plants, and plants that are salty, bitter and prickly.
At the zoo: Hay and a grain mixture.
What Eats It?
Wolves prey on the Bactrian camel.
Domestic camels travel in groups of up to 20 individuals. The groups are led by a dominant male and include several females, sub-adults and young.
Camels are sexually mature by five years. Mating occurs year round. After a gestation of 12-15 months females give birth to a single calf weighing up to 100 pounds (45 kg). Calves can stand soon after birth, are weaned at one to two years and stay with the mother until they reach maturity. Life span of the domestic Bactrian camel is approximately 40 years.