Historically the black rhinoceros occurred in Africa from 10 degrees North to the tip of South Africa. Currently they are found only in scattered pockets of Africa from the Cape to Somalia, typically in protected areas or reserves.
Scrublands, tropical and subtropical grasslands, montane forests, savannas.
- Black rhinos are 10.8-12.0 feet (3.3-3.6 m) long.
- They weigh 1,760-3,080 pounds (800-1,400 kg). Males are slightly larger than females.
- They stand 60-63 inches (152-161 cm) at the shoulder.
- The skin of the black rhino is dark gray or dark brown, not black.
- They have two horns on the nose. The larger anterior horn can average one-and-a-half feet (0.5 m) long.
- They have a large head, short neck and short, thick legs.
- Prehensile, pointed upper lip
What Does It Eat?
In the wild: Twigs and leaves, bulbs and grasses.
At the zoo: Alfalfa hay, grain and a vitamin-mineral supplement.
What Eats It?
Calves are subject to predation by lions and hyenas. Adults are hunted by humans for their horns, which are used as a traditional medicine in some Asian countries.
Black rhinos are largely solitary animals except for mating pairs and females with calves. Rhinos that share the same territory will tolerate others nearby, but may be territorial at times.
Females are mature at about five to six years; males at seven to eight years. After a gestation of 15-16 months, females give birth to a single calf weighing 75-110 pounds (35-50 kg), which the mother raises on her own. Calves are weaned at about two and a half years but may remain with the mother up for two to three years until the next calf is born. Females may stay with the mother longer than three years. Lifespan in the wild is 35-50 years, and in captivity extends to 45 years.