Indian peafowl range through eastern Pakistan through India, and south from the Himalayas to Sri Lanka.
Peafowl inhabit tropical and open forests, and riparian areas.
- Male peafowl are up to 46 inches (117 cm) tall from bill to tail; females are up to 38 inches (96 cm) tall.
- Males weigh nine to13 pounds (4-6 kg); females weigh six to nine pounds (2.75-4 kg).
- Males have a long train of feathers four-and-a-half to five feet (1.4-1.6 m) long – 60% of their total body length.
- Their wingspan is about four and a half feet (1.4 m).
- Males have metallic blue heads; neck and upper breast are blue with green and purple shades; tail feathers are metallic green with lilac or purple and dark eyespots.
- Females are muted brown and beige colors with white underneath and greenish neck feathers.
- Both males and females have a prominent crest on top of the head.
What Does It Eat?
In the wild: Seeds, grains, berries, insects, small reptiles, small mammals and cultivated crops.
At the zoo: Free-ranging peafowl forage on zoo grounds.
What Eats It?
With such a large train and bright feathers the male peafowl is an easy target for predators such mongoose, jungle cats, stray dogs, leopards, and tigers. .
Peafowl live most of the year in small groups with others of their own sex or small family groups. During breeding season, males become solitary and establish breeding territories called “leks”.
During breeding season male Indian peafowl display their magnificent trains and use loud calls to attract a harem of three to five females. The females most often mate with the males who have the most eyespots on their fans and the largest displays. After mating, the female makes a nest by scraping out a hollow in the ground in a concealed area of vegetation, and will lay three to six white eggs in the nest. The female alone incubates the eggs, which hatch in 28-30 days. Males have no part in incubating or raising the chicks. When the precocial chicks hatch, they are well developed and able to leave the nest within a few hours to follow the female, and are able to feed themselves from birth. By four weeks the chicks begin to grow their crests and by two months they resemble the females but are about half their size. Peafowl are mature at two to three years of age. Males develop their brilliant plumage and magnificent trains by the age of three but younger males will practice fan spreading and courtship displays. Lifespan for Indian peafowl is about 20 years in the wild and up to 30 years in captivity.