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The tapir ranges through Myanmar (Burma) and Thailand south to Malaysia and Sumatra.
Tropical lowland swamp, montane and hill forests, prefers dense, primary forests.
What Does It Eat?
In the wild: As a vegetarian, non-ruminant the tapir east tender leaves and shoots, aquatic plants,buds, soft twigs and fruits of low-growing shrubs.
At the zoo: Grain, alfalfa, apples, bananas, carrots, sweet potatoes, monkey chow.
What Eats It?
Tigers and humans prey on the Malayan tapir.
Malayan tapirs are solitary animals except for mating pairs and females with young. When they encounter one another in the wild they act aggressively.
Tapirs are sexually mature by three years of age, and breeding usually occurs in May and June. After a gestation of 13 months, females seek a secure lair and give birth to a single calf weighing about 15 pounds (6.8 kg). Newborn tapirs are reddish-brown with white spots and stripes for camouflage. Adult coloration develops between four and seven months. Weaning occurs at six to eight months when the babies are nearly full grown, but they stay near their mom until they are about a year old. Females can give birth every two years. Malayan tapirs live up to 30 years.
Black White Black
Malayan tapirs are sometimes called “Oreo” tapirs because their distinctive black and white color pattern resembles an Oreo cookie. The black on the front and back with white or gray in the middle is a form of camouflage that breaks up the tapir’s outline in the shadows of the forest. The stripes and spots on the vulnerable young help them blend into the dappled sunlight and leaf shadows of the forest and protects them from predators.
The tapir’s upper lip and nose are elongated to form a distinctive prehensile snout that is similar to a stubby elephant’s trunk. This flexible extended nose is used for plucking leaves and shoots from trees as well as sniffing their way along forest trails. They have an excellent sense of smell and rely on scents for communication. Urine spraying is used to mark well-used pathways between feeding areas and water sources.
Tapirs have a thick heavy barrel-shaped body ideal for crashing through dense forest vegetation. When frightened or threatened, tapirs can run quickly. Despite their large size they can climb steep slopes on the banks of rivers. They are excellent swimmers and spend a lot of time in the water.
IUCN Status: Vulnerable.
The biggest threat to tapirs is habitat loss due to land clearance for human settlement and agriculture. Clear cutting for lumber and flooding by hydroelectric dam projects also pose threats to tapirs. In some areas they are hunted for food and for the live animal trade.