Red river hogs inhabit west and central Sub-Saharan Africa to north South Africa, and Madagascar.
They populate primary and secondary forests, thickets in savannas and swamps throughout their range.
- Red river hogs are three to three and a half feet (100-150 cm) long.
- Their weight ranges from 100-250 pounds (45-112 kg) with males larger than females.
- They stand two to three feet (55-80 cm) tall at the shoulder.
- The tail measures 12-18 inches (30-45 cm) long.
- Red river hogs have a shaggy rusty red coat with white eye rings, a long white ear tassel on each ear, and an erectile white mane.
- They have small upper tusks and longer lower tusks which can measure up to three inches (7 cm) long.
- In males, the snout is covered in warts and ridges.
What Does It Eat?
In the wild: An omnivorous animal that eats tree roots, fruits, water plants, bulbs, grasses, mushrooms, small mammals, reptiles, birds, bird eggs, insects and carrion.
At the zoo: Carrots, yams, potatoes, turnips, hoofstock pellets and hay.
What Eats It?
Leopards, lions, and humans prey on the red river hog.
Red river hogs are social animals living in family groups called “sounders” consisting of one male, two or more females, and young of varying ages.
Females are sexually mature at 18-21 months. Births occur mainly during the wet summer months from November through February. After a gestation of 120-127 days the female gives birth to a litter of one to six piglets. The newborn piglets have horizontal stripes and spots that provide camouflage for the first four months. Piglets nurse for two to four months. The dominant male in the group will protect and care for the young. Red river hogs can live up to 20 years in captivity.