Queen angelfish are found in the Western Atlantic Ocean from Bermuda to Brazil and the Caribbean.
This species of angelfish lives on mature coral reef systems.
- Queen angelfish are up to 18 inches (45 cm) long.
- They weigh up to three and a half pounds (1.6 kg).
- These colorful fish have electric blue bodies, blazing yellow tails with light purple and orange highlights.
- The body is flattened from side to side and they have a small beak-like mouth with comb-like teeth.
- They have a speckled, blue-ringed black spot on their head that resembles a crown.
- They have upper and lower fins that are drawn out into long trailing filaments.
- They may have false eyespots.
What Does It Eat?
In the wild: Sponges, algae, tunicates, anemones, coral and loose fragments of organic matter.
At the zoo: Brine shrimp, mysis shrimp, flake food, chopped fish and vegetables.
What Eats It?
Larger fish prey on queen angelfish.
These shy fish are found alone or in pairs.
Mating pairs bring their bellies close together and release clouds of sperm and egg. The female can release thousands of eggs each time she mates. The fertilized eggs are transparent and they float until they hatch into larvae in 15-20 hours. The larvae initially lack eyes, fins and digestive organs but within 48 hours they develop the physical characteristics that allow them to swim. The larvae feed on plankton growing rapidly for about a month reaching one half to three quarters of an inch (15-20 mm) in length. They settle on the bottom of the reef where they continue to grow. Juveniles are not brightly colored like the adult angelfish. The young queen angelfish feed by cleaning parasites from larger fish. Average lifespan in the wild is up to 15 years.