Great Hornbill

Classification Class Aves Order Coraciiforme Family Bucerotidae Genus Buceros Species bicornis Habitat & Range Great hornbills reside in wet evergreen and deciduous old growth forests at elevations of 600 to 2000 meters (1968.5 to 6561 feet).  For nesting, they prefer trees that tower above the canopy level. The great hornbill is found in forests in … Continued

Lorikeet

Classification Class Aves Order Psittaciformes Family Psittacidae Genus Trichoglossus Habitat & Range These lorikeets live in portions of coastal Australia and on nearby islands. They are one of 12 genera of lories and lorikeets. The genus Trichoglossus includes eleven species and numerous subspecies. The rainbow lorikeet is widespread throughout northern and eastern Australia; the scarlet-breasted … Continued

Humboldt Penguin

Classification Class Aves Order Sphenisciformes Family Spheniscidae Genus Spheniscus Species humboldti Habitat & Range Open ocean and the rocky shores near cliffs or on islands off the coasts of Chile and Peru. Humboldt penguins inhabit coastal areas of Chile and Peru. Humboldt Penguin Spheniscus humboldti Penguins are flightless birds that are built to “fly” through … Continued

Emu

Classification Class Aves Order Casuariiformes Family Dromaiidae Genus Dromaius Species novaehollandiae Habitat & Range Emus inhabit many environments ranging from savannah forests and grasslands to semi-arid lands. All areas of Australia except the rainforests and areas cleared for agriculture. They are less common in deserts and the far north of Australia. Emu Dromaius novaehollandiae Like … Continued

East African Crowned Crane

Classification Class Aves Order Griformes Family Gruidae Genus Balearica Species Regulorum Subspecies Gibbericeps Habitat & Range This species of bird prefers wetlands with nearby grasslands and cultivated land near rivers and lakes. East Africa from northern Uganda and Kenya south to Zimbabwe, Botswana and Namibia. East African Crowned Crane Balearica regulorum gibbericeps All cranes participate … Continued

Sarus Crane

Classification Class Aves Order Gruiformes Family Gruidae Genus Grus Species antigone Habitat & Range Wetland habitats including marshes, swamps and flooded fields. The sarus crane is found in three distinct populations: northern Australia, southeastern Asia (Cambodia, Vietnam, Myanmar) and the Indian subcontinent (Pakistan, India, Nepal).   Sarus Crane Grus antigone Cranes make loud trumpeting calls … Continued

Cinereous Vulture

Classification The cinereous vulture has also been called the European black vulture. Class Aves Order Falconiformes Family Accipitridae Genus Aegypius Species monachus Habitat & Range Open terrain, steppes and mountainous areas up to altitudes of 23,000 feet. The cinereous vulture ranges through southern and eastern Europe, the Middle East (Iran, Afghanistan), central Asia, and into … Continued

Bald Eagle

Classification Class Aves Order Falconiformes Family Accipitridae Genus Haliaeetus Species leucocephalus Habitat & Range North America from Alaska and Canada to Florida and California. Wooded areas near seacoasts, marshes, reservoirs, lakes and rivers where fish are abundant. Open water, such as a lake or ocean, is a necessity. Bald Eagle Haliaeetus leucocephalus Bald eagles have … Continued

American Flamingo

Classification Class Aves Order Ciconiiformes Family Phoenicopteridae Genus Phoenicopterus Species ruber Habitat & Range Saline lakes, coastal lagoons and other shallow salt water areas. The American flamingo is found in coastal areas of the Caribbean including the Bahamas, Cuba, and the Yucatan peninsula. This species is also found throughout the southern United States, the Middle … Continued

African (Black-Footed) Penguin

Classification Class Aves Order Sphenisciformes Family Spheniscidae Genus Spheniscus Species demersus Habitat & Range African penguins, also called black-footed penguins, nest on sandy or rocky islands and mainland beaches with temperate climates, and they forage for food in cold ocean currents whose temperatures range from 42 to 68 degrees Fahrenheit (5-20° C). This species lives … Continued