Habitat & Range
The habitat of the greater one-horned rhino is tropical grasslands and adjacent flood plains and forests. They prefer tall grasslands and thick forest areas.
Greater one-horned rhinos are found in Nepal and Northeastern India, mostly in protected areas, like national parks and wildlife reserves.
Greater One-horned Rhinoceros
Rhinos are the only animal with a horn on the nose not the top of the head. Made from compacted hair or keratin, the horn is used for plowing the ground looking for food, and self-defense. Baby rhinos are born without horns, but the horn quickly begins developing and grows throughout the animals' lives.
IUCN Status: Vulnerable
Greater one-horned rhinos were nearly hunted to extinction for their horns which were believed to have medicinal properties. By 1900 there were fewer than 200 animals left. Poaching and illegal trade in body parts as well as conversion of grassland habitat for agriculture caused the decline. Due to strict protection and conservation efforts in India and Nepal their numbers have increased to over 3300 animals. Most of the rhinos are in protected parks and reserves. Their status has been changed from endangered to vulnerable and although their numbers are increasing they still face some threats from poaching as well as disease and natural disasters.
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