Habitat & Range
Llamas’ natural habitat is high plateau covered with shrubs, stunted trees and grasses at elevations ranging from 7,550 to 13,120 feet (2300-4000m). They have adapted to a variety of environments.
Llamas’ native range is the Andes Mountains of South America, primarily Peru and Bolivia, but none are found in the wild. They were domesticated from wild guanacos (also classified as Lama glama or as a subspecies Lama glama guanicoe) 4,000 to 6,000 years ago and may be the first known domesticated animal. Because they are domesticated, commercial herds are found in North America, Europe and Australia.
Llamas are close relatives of camels, but do not have humps. They have long necks and legs, relatively small heads with a split upper lip, large ears, and short tails. Their shaggy fur is coarse and ranges in color from white through reddish-brown to black; mixed coloring can occur.
IUCN Status: Not Evaluated
Because llamas are domesticated, conservation status has not been assigned. There are several million llamas in commercial herds.
Download the App!
Get the FREE Denver Zoo app today, and be a pro the next time you visit the Zoo. You’ll get access to the Zoo map, daily activities and schedules, animal facts, and more. You can even load your membership card onto the app for additional convenience. It puts everything you need for an amazing Zoo experience right into the palm of your hand!